The Gbedu drum is traditionally used on state occasions or during ceremonies of Ogboni, the ancient Yoruba society. The Ogido/Gbedu is one of the four major families of Yoruba drums.
The Gbedu drum is said to have been brought to the Lagos area in the seventeenth century by Edo diplomats, symbolizing the hegemony of the Benin Empire. Among the Yoruba, the Gbedu drum signifies royalty.The largest of the Yoruba drums, it was played only in the king’s service. In ceremonies such the rite of Isagun, the Oba might dance to the music of the drum. If anyone else used the drum they were arrested for sedition.